Reading about Judy Chicago on http://www.theartstory.org/artist-chicago-judy.htm
The Dinner Party (1979)
The Dinner Party is a monumental installation celebrating forgotten achievements in female history. Chicago described it as, “as a reinterpretation of The Last Supper from the point of view of women, who, throughout history, have prepared the meals and set the table.” The central form is a forty-eight-foot triangular table with symbolic places set for thirty-nine “guests of honor”—remarkable women from different stages in Western civilization. Each guest has her own runner, embroidered on one side with her name and on the other with imagery illustrating her achievement. Each place setting includes a glass plate, decorated with a butterfly or floral motif symbolizing of the vulva. By incorporating elements of a contemporary social event with the status and appearance of a banquet, Chicago elevates her guests to the role of heroes, a traditionally male epithet. In essence, Chicago states, the work “takes us on a tour of Western civilization, a tour that bypasses what we have been taught to think of as the main road.” The floor is inscribed with the names of 999 additional women worthy of recognition, while acknowledgment panels on the walls honor the 129 collaborators who worked with Chicago on the piece.
Regarded as an icon of twentieth-century art, The Dinner Party is arguably the most significant and recognized piece of feminist art ever made, notable in its incorporation of collaborative working process, political symbolism, the sheer scale of the media response, and the unprecedented worldwide grassroots movement it prompted in reaction to the work’s condemnation. The piece’s lasting importance lies in its defiance of fine-art tradition by representing a feminine history suppressed by patriarchal society, as well as its celebration of the traditional “feminine” crafts: textile arts (weaving, embroidery, and sewing) and ceramic decoration. Featured in sixteen exhibitions in six different countries, The Dinner Party has now been seen by more than one million viewers.
Ceramic, porcelain, textile, glass – Elizabeth Sackler Center for Feminist Art, Brooklyn Museum